Is Georgia in Europe or Asia? Detailed Answer with Maps

Yes. Europe and Asia are different continents… or, at least, that’s what we’re taught, and that’s (subsequently) what most people believe*.

But geographically speaking, Europe and Asia are actually one unique continent called Eurasia. Eurasia is the largest continental landmass on earth, and 5 billion people, or 70% of the whole human population live there.

Eurasia Map

It’s hard to geographically separate Europe and Asia as the designation of the ‘border’ between the two (as borders do) has changed numerous times over the course of history.

Even now, no one can really seem to decide where this border is. Typically, a single continent is defined as “one of the larger continuous masses of land” (source)… but here’s where the trouble starts: Europe and Asia are collectively made up of one continuous mass of land.

One of the most common ways to therefore define the border (and, in recent history, the most popular way to define the border) between Asia and Europe is by using the Ural Mountains (which we’ve highlighted on the map below).

This Russian mountain range leads into the Ural River… which then runs into the Caspian Sea. One definition claims that the vague border formed by the “Ural Mountains-Ural River-Caspian Sea” line is what separates the two continents… which, as you can see, would firmly place Georgia in Europe.

Europe Asia Borders Definition 1: Ural Mountain, Ural River, and the Caspian Sea, are what separate Europe from Asia
Europe Asia Borders Definition 1: Ural Mountain, Ural River, and the Caspian Sea are what separate Europe from Asia. This puts Georgia on the European side.

A second definition states that the Caucasus mountains are the definable border between Europe and Asia.

But because many of those mountains lie inside of Georgia, that doesn’t really clear anything up for us… except to maybe prove that, as some people claim, Georgia is a transcontinental nation that sits in both Europe and Asia (but also possibly in neither of those two places).

Europe Asia Borders Definition 2: The Caucasus mountains are what separate Europe from Asia.
Europe Asia Borders Definition 2: The Caucasus mountains are what separate Europe from Asia. This puts Georgia in Asia for the most part of its territory.

These Caucasus mountains are pretty complicated in themselves and we don’t have enough time or space here to present them in detail. So you can read Britannica’s article to better understand these mountains and their region.

A third opinion considers that the border is instead defined by the line formed by the Aegean Sea, the Sea of Marmara, and the Black Sea. This would firmly place Georgia in Asian territory.

Europe Asia Borders Definition 3: the Aegean Sea, the Sea of Marmara, and the Black Sea are what separate Europe from Asia. This puts Georgia in Asia.
Europe Asia Borders Definition 3: the Aegean Sea, the Sea of Marmara, and the Black Sea are what separate Europe from Asia. This puts Georgia in Asia.

Other people think the border can or should be defined by some weird concoction of all these geographical points. In general, there are lots of landmasses and landmarks that could form potential border-marking points (and have formed these points during various periods of history).

For these complex geographical reasons, it’s sometimes easier to separate Asia and Europe culturally, instead of along arbitrary (and uncertain and ever-changing) geographical lines.

*Remember the asterisk I placed at the beginning of this section? To make things even more complicated, I’m rounding off this section by telling you that, although we largely accept Europe and Asia as two separate continents, some geographers think differently. Because the borders between Europe and Asia are geologically arbitrary, and because these borders can change over time, these geographers prefer to clump the two continents together into the one giant continent of Eurasia (which, considering the mixed identity of lots of nations here, sorta makes sense).

#Georgia #Europe #Asia #Detailed #Answer #Maps

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